added 9/19/2018; will continue updating page soon:
What Stockholm is doing as a model for other cities?: https://www.bloomberg.org/blog/stockholm-biochar-project-mayors-challenge-winner-opens-first-plant/
…the facility turns plant waste from parks and homes – everything from grass clippings to trees and limbs – into carbon-capturing charcoal that residents can then use in their window boxes and gardens to promote plant growth. Biochar is a powerful soil conditioner, it decreases carbon-dioxide levels in the atmosphere and, through its production, it will even create enough energy to provide heat and hot water for more than 80 apartments in the city….
What is BIOCHAR: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biochar
February 26, 2018 presentation at EEEF assembly at Iliff: Paul Belanger and Ron Larson: CLICK HERE
Senate Bill on Biochar that Ellen Roberts had passed with Ron Larson help (he says 5% of credit – he certainly supported) –
Local places along Colorado Front Range to buy BIOCHAR: CLICK HERE
biochar-international.org videos: click here
Biochar journal https://www.biochar-journal.org/en/
various Facebook pages as well:
Soil carbon sequestration and biochar as negative emission technologies: Smith-GCB-10.1111-gcb.13178-2016
2009 summation on the subject by Smith: (click here)
Draft: Philanthropy beyond Carbon Neutrality: (click here for 65 page pdf)
National Geographic February 2016 and/or from Ron Larson:
BIOCHAR: A possible Game changer for mitigation and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) – as well as agricultural benefits!
Biochar is a way to enhance the soil, improve soil-moisture retention and sequester carbon from the atmosphere.
It is a solution to reducing the global impact of farming as well as utilize and in reduce and make use of agricultural waste.
Since biochar can sequester carbon in the soil for hundreds to thousands of years, it has received considerable interest as a potential tool to slow global warming.
The burning and natural decomposition of trees and agricultural matter contributes a large amount of CO2 released to the atmosphere. Instead, pyrolized Biochar can store this carbon in the ground in the form of charcoal and provide the microporous habitat for fungi and bacteria continue to pull carbon out of the atmosphere and thus aid in reducing atmospheric CO2 from the atmosphere.
At the same time its presence in the earth can improve water quality, increase soil fertility, raise agricultural productivity and reduce pressure on old-growth forests.
See links below on its history first discovered by the Amazonians and more recently by the Japanese (seeking links for the latter).
Left – a nutrient-poor oxisol; right – an oxisol transformed into fertile terra preta using biochar.
Biochar seems to be presently popular as a soil enhancer; NOT FULLY APPRECIATED is its sequestering capabilities. Please read the following 2 articles (more might be added later) and disseminate/thanks:
- – The potential for land-based biological CO2 removal to lower future atmospheric CO2 concentration-Tim Lenton, University of Exeter – click here
- – Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change – Woolf, Amonette, et al. 2009 – PDF
- Good slide show: Terra Preta –CLICK HERE
Excerpts from the International Biochar conference video highlighting Cool Planet link: YouTube;
Latest: Reduce atmospheric CO2 by 100ppm in 40 years?
Promise for the future regarding agriculture and sequestering Carbon (with a potential claim of 100 ppm in 40 years) – as told at a recent CRES/Biochar meeting on 6/26/2014; see:
Cool Planet and
About the Biochar process:
About C3, C4 and Cam Photosynthesis and Plants:
Photosynthetic efficiency: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosynthetic_efficiency
C3 carbon fixation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C3_carbon_fixation
C4 carbon fixation: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/C4_carbon_fixation
Summary table comparison: http://www.cropsreview.com/types-of-photosynthesis.html
C3 C4 CAM Photosynthesis video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yg_pdXzWXVA
CARBON NEGATIVE BENEFITS: YouTube Link above to where Cool Planet makes claims of diagram below at 18:30″ (click here); go to ~8:30″ for beginning of Cool Planet portion of the video. Numbers below as stated in video – consider them an approximation depending on definition of “land availability” and quality. Nevertheless you get the idea:
~1%: run all cars
~2%:zero net carbon
~3%: 100 ppm reduction in 40 years
– Chuck Kutscher: Biochar: Can it get us back down below 350 ppm atmospheric CO2?;
http://www.solartoday-digital.org/solartoday/20110102/?pg=20&pm=1&u1=friend – click on p.20 on left side
BW-pdf ASES-SOLAR TODAY Jan-Feb 2011 column
– Biochar Process: http://www.ases.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1296&Itemid=23 ASES – SOLAR TODAY 12/20/2010
Older Articles about Biochar:
Amazonian discovery: black-gold_DiscoverMag2007 – pdf
Earlier Archived talks/information
IBI web site: http://www.biochar-international.org/
Links/work on this page prepared in fall of 2016 for a presentation for OLLI class hour lecture OLLI south 1-3 p.m. as part of the OLLI course “Achieving Food Sustainability in the Future” facilitated by Bayard Breeding – biochar-notes-food-sustainability-in-the-future-20161013m PPTX
http://www.ithaka-institut.org/de – need to hit “translate”
- STANFORD – SOIL SCIENTIST FROM CORNELL TALKING AT STANFORD click here
- Japan times – climate change threatens Nation’s agriculture: click here
- An email from Ron Larson:click here
GOOGLE TED TALKs BY:
- LOPA BRUJNES
- Robert Lerner
- Josiah Hunt